Modeling of multi-fractional suspended particle pathways in a shallow water basin under influence of strong winds

In this study, we investigate the complex dynamics of multi-fractional suspended particle transport in a shallow water basin subjected to strong wind conditions. Our research focuses on understanding the interplay between wind-induced advection and particle settlement, and its implications for sediment redistribution. Through our analysis, we reveal the distinct behaviors of different sediment fractions. Clay particles, constituting the lowest fraction in sediment cores, remain suspended throughout the simulation due to their low settlement velocity, with relatively stable concentrations. Conversely, the dominant fraction, medium silt, is suspended during intense wind events but quickly settles to the bed due to its higher settling velocity. Wind stress exceeding 0.05 Pa triggers particulate matter erosion, leading to its presence in the water column. Additionally, we explore the 2D distribution of sediment characteristics, including thickness, dry density, and mud fraction, to identify areas prone to erosion and deposition. Our findings demonstrate that coastal areas of the Taganrog Bay experienced significant erosion following strong wind events, exhibiting the thinnest sediment thickness and the highest dry bulk density. Deposition areas, characterized by thicker sediment layers and lower dry density, were often found in proximity to erosion zones, indicating the influence of particle resuspension and settlement processes. Furthermore, we analyze the implications of our findings on the vulnerability of specific regions to erosion and deposition. The central part of the sea contains moderately thicker sediment layers with a moderately high mud fraction, representing a zone of fine sediment accumulation. These fine sediments, including fine silt and clay, remain suspended for longer durations and are redistributed over greater distances by currents. Overall, our study provides valuable understanding into the multi-fractional suspended particle pathways and their interaction with strong winds in shallow water basins. The results contribute to a better understanding of sediment dynamics, which has implications for coastal management, environmental monitoring, and the preservation of benthic ecosystems.

Elena Alekseenko, A.A. Sukhinov, B. Roux. Modeling of multi-fractional suspended particle pathways in a shallow water basin under influence of strong winds. Regional Studies in Marine Science, 2024, 73, pp.103477. ⟨10.1016/j.rsma.2024.103477⟩. ⟨hal-04515082⟩

Journal: Regional Studies in Marine Science

Date de publication: 01-07-2024

  • Elena Alekseenko
  • A.A. Sukhinov
  • B. Roux

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