Impact of negative triangularity on edge plasma transport and turbulence in TOKAM3X simulations

The impact of triangularity on edge plasma transport and turbulence is addressed from full 3D turbulence simulations performed with TOKAM3X. Flux driven fluid simulations are run on analytical magnetic equilibria generated with positive and negative triangularity δ in a bottom limiter configuration. The conservation of the energy is assured by the increase of the bottom limiter radial position from δ > 0 to δ < 0. Changing the triangularity impacts both the plasma equilibrium and the turbulence. In particular, negative triangularity leads to a reduction of the density and electron temperature decay lengths in agreement with the literature. Concerning the turbulence, in all the simulations, it remains ballooned with an enhanced level of fluctuations at low field side in comparison to the high field one. Moreover, no clear trend is visible on the relative level of fluctuations of both density and electron temperature in the CFR whereas an enhancement (resp. reduction) is visible in the scrape-off layer at the low field side midplane for the negative (resp. positive) triangularity simulations. This behaviour differs from TCV and DIII-D measurements which show the benefit of negative triangularity in terms of turbulence reduction and increased confinement. However, no conclusion is drawn from our preliminary study concerning the impact of triangularity on the turbulent transport. Change in triangularity impacts many simulation control parameters, as in the experiments, and that the analysis of its impact alone on the dynamics of the plasma is not obvious in this configuration.

E. Laribi, E. Serre, P. Tamain, H. Yang. Impact of negative triangularity on edge plasma transport and turbulence in TOKAM3X simulations. Nuclear Materials and Energy, Elsevier, 2021, pp.101012. ⟨10.1016/j.nme.2021.101012⟩. ⟨hal-03214958⟩

Journal: Nuclear Materials and Energy

Date de publication: 01-04-2021

  • E. Laribi
  • E. Serre
  • P. Tamain
  • H. Yang

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