Mardi 16 Mars à 14h00
- Preparation of polyurea microcapsules calibrated in size and shell thickness by a microfluidic process for the absorption of ultraviolet / Soutenance de thèse Jiupeng DU
Doctorant : Jiupeng DU
Date de soutenance : le mardi 16 mars à 14h00 en VISIO
Abstract : This thesis aims to exploit the advantages of microfluidics for the production of polyurea microcapsules. Because of its ability to produce drops with a very narrow size distribution, microfluidic emulsification shows great interest as the first step for rapid interfacial polymerisation. Although the literature on the production of drops in microchannels is abundant, commonly used organic solvents are limited to certain toxic hydrocarbon oils or ketones, as these solvents are very hydrophobic and therefore easy to emulsify in water.
The first part of the work concentrates on the feasibility of emulsifying two less hydrophobic green solvents (dibutyl adipate and n-butyl acetate) in water and study the different flow regimes within a hydrophilic flow-focusing microchannel of glass. The results show that the wetting of the walls by dibutyl adipate can be modified by adding a surfactant (Tween 80). However, the formation of the drops being much faster than the transfer of the surfactant to the interface of the drop being formed, concentrations much higher than the critical micellar concentration are necessary to avoid wetting of the walls by the dispersed phase and thus the appearance of disordered flow regimes. The behavior of the n-butyl acetate/water system is similar, but the comparison of the flow maps for the two systems raises the question of the choice of dimensional numbers for representing the transition between the dripping and jetting regimes.
In the second part, the addition of an interfacial polymerization within the emulsion formed by microfluidics is studied in detail. We aim to fabricate polyurea microcapsules calibrated in size and shell thickness containing octyl salicylate (OS). These microcapsules are used to study, for the first time, the influence of the shell thickness of microcapsules on their absorption efficiency against ultraviolet (UV) light. The results show that an increase of the concentration of isocyanate (HDB-LV or hexamethylene diisocyanate biuret) in the organic phase increases the shell thickness of the microcapsules, their encapsulation efficiency and very moderately their average absorbance. The average absorbance of the microcapsules is inversely proportional to the size of the microcapsules (for the same mass of OS). A theoretical model is proposed to estimate the average absorbance as a function of the mass fraction of HDB-LV in the organic phase and of the size of microcapsules. Finally, the concentration of amine (ethylenediamine) has been optimized to ensure the spherical shape of the microcapsules.
Marc LEONETTI (CNRS, LRP), Rapporteur
Nathalie LE SAUZE (Univ Toulouse III), Rapportrice
Christophe Alexandre SERRA (Univ Strasbourg), Examinateur
Stéphane VEESLER (CNRS, CINAM), Examinateur
Pierrette GUICHARDON (ECM, M2P2), Directrice
Nelson IBASETA (ECM, M2P2), Codirecteur
Jean-Claude HUBAUD (Helioscience), invité
Bruno MONTAGNIER (Capsudev), invité