Three-dimensional turbulent boundary layer in a shrouded rotating system
A three-dimensional direct numerical simulation is combined with a laboratory study to describe the turbulent flow in an enclosed annular rotor-stator cavity characterized by a large aspect ratio G=(b-a)/h=18.32 and a small radius ratio a/b=0.152, where a and b are the inner and outer radii of the rotating disk and h is the interdisk spacing. The rotation rate $\Omega$ considered is equivalent to the rotational Reynolds number $Re=\Omega b^2/\nu=9.5 \times 10^4$ ($\nu$ the kinematic viscosity of water). This corresponds to a value at which experiment has revealed that the stator boundary layer is turbulent, whereas the rotor boundary layer is still laminar. Comparisons of the computed solution with velocity measurements have given good agreement for the mean and turbulent fields. The results enhance evidence of weak turbulence by comparing the turbulence properties with available data in the literature (Lygren & Andersson, J Fluid Mech 426:297-326, 2001). An approximately self-similar boundary layer behavior is observed along the stator. The wall-normal variations of the structural parameter and of characteristic angles confirm that this boundary layer is three-dimensional. A quadrant analysis (Kang et al, Phys Fluids 10:2315-2322, 1998) of conditionally averaged velocities shows that the asymmetries obtained are dominated by Reynolds stress-producing events in the stator boundary layer. Moreover, Case 1 vortices (with a positive wall induced velocity) are found to be the major source of generation of special strong events, in agreement with the conclusions of Lygren and Andersson (J Fluid Mech 426:297-326, 2001).
Sébastien Poncet, Anthony Randriamampianina. Three-dimensional turbulent boundary layer in a shrouded rotating system. Flow, Turbulence and Combustion, Springer Verlag (Germany), 2008, 80 (1), pp.107-117. ⟨10.1007/s10494-007-9083-5⟩. ⟨hal-00192950⟩
Journal: Flow, Turbulence and Combustion
Date de publication: 01-01-2008