"Caractérisation des membranes de production d'eau potable par l'utilisation de nanoparticules" (thèse au M2P2 2014-2017)
Sujet de recherche en cours : Définition d’un arbre de choix pour définir des procédés de reused de solvant
Publications scientifiques au M2P2
Morgane Le Hir, Yvan Wyart, Gaëlle Georges, Laure Siozade Lamoine, Patrick Sauvade, et al.. Effect of salinity and nanoparticle polydispersity on UF membrane retention fouling. Journal of Membrane Science, Elsevier, 2018, 563, pp.405-418. ⟨10.1016/j.memsci.2018.05.077⟩. ⟨hal-02114445⟩ Plus de détails...
In this study, the retention potential and the fouling of ultrafiltration (UF) multichannel hollow fiber membrane regarding nanoparticles (NPs) have been assessed. Filtration experiments of fluorescent 10 nm and 1.5 nm NPs (respectively NP-10 and NP-1.5) suspensions filtered individually were carried out under different transmembrane pressures. A complexification of the feed suspension through the mix of NPs sizes and/or the salinity adding have been investigated. The retention rate (RR), the fouling location and the membrane productivity have been analyzed and compared in each case to determine the influence of salinity and polydispersity of the feed suspensions on NP retention. Results show that RR of NP-10 stays constant when NPs are filtered in ideal suspension (NP-10/ultrapure water), or when they are filtered with NP-1.5 and/or with 50 mmol L-1 of NaCl and reaches at least 99%. However, RR of NP-1.5 is modified by the presence of NP-10 and/or 50 mmol L-1 of NaCl. This retention rate is considerably decreased by the complexification of suspensions tested. Estimation of NPs quantity blocked at the membrane at the end of the filtration by mass balance showed no significative variation for NP-1.5 (relative to the RR obtained) while a larger quantity of NP-10 remained blocked at the membrane with the adding of NP-1.5 and/or salts in feed suspension. Location of NPs by Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy (CLSM) at the end of the filtration showed that filtered individually, NP-10 are blocked in membrane skin and on membrane surface while NP-1.5 are blocked in the entire membrane material. Filtered simultaneously, the location of these two sizes of NPs is not modified but NP-1.5 seems to form clusters in the membrane material and the participation of NP-10 and NP-1.5 to the deposit formed on the membrane surface is increased. The adding of salinity leads to the same observations than the filtration of both sizes mixed.
Morgane Le Hir, Yvan Wyart, Gaëlle Georges, Laure Siozade Lamoine, Patrick Sauvade, et al.. Effect of salinity and nanoparticle polydispersity on UF membrane retention fouling. Journal of Membrane Science, Elsevier, 2018, 563, pp.405-418. ⟨10.1016/j.memsci.2018.05.077⟩. ⟨hal-02114445⟩
Morgane Le Hir, Yvan Wyart, Gaelle Georges, Laure Siozade, Philippe Moulin. Nanoparticles Retention Potential of Multichannel Hollow Fiber Drinking Water Production Membrane. Journal of Membrane Science and Research, 2018, 4 (2), pp.74 - 84. ⟨hal-01789032⟩ Plus de détails...
This study aims to investigate the potential of nanoparticle retention of ultrafi ltration (UF) multichannel hollow fiber membrane. Filtration experiments of fl uorescent silica nanoparticles (NPs) (10 and 100 nm) and CdTe quantum dots (1.5 nm) suspensions were carried out under diff erent operating conditions to analyze the retention rate (RT), the fouling zone and the membrane productivity. Fouling mechanism occurring during the experiment has been correlated with the distribution profi les of NPs obtained during the membrane autopsy after fi ltration by Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy (CLSM). Results show that large NPs are totally retained on the membrane surface. Medium NPs pass through the membrane at the beginning of the fi ltration and are gradually stopped in the membrane skin before forming a deposit on the membrane surface. The retention rate of small NPs also increases over time and an in-depth fouling of the membrane (skin + support) has been identifi ed. Mass balance and determination of NPs surface deposit thickness, in the case of a filtration cake, determined by CLSM and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) allowed the estimation of NPs amount trapped in the membrane structure (skin or support) and have been compared to the fouling resistance observed during the filtration run. The CLSM analysis of the membrane on its section presents, in that study, a signifi cant interest because of the high accuracy of the measures: 538.16 nm compared to the 5000 nm reported in a previous study.
Morgane Le Hir, Yvan Wyart, Gaelle Georges, Laure Siozade, Philippe Moulin. Nanoparticles Retention Potential of Multichannel Hollow Fiber Drinking Water Production Membrane. Journal of Membrane Science and Research, 2018, 4 (2), pp.74 - 84. ⟨hal-01789032⟩