Diffusion coefficients of solids in supercritical carbon dioxide: Modelling of near critical behaviour

Most of the models proposed in literature for binary diffusion coefficients of solids in supercritical fluids are restricted to infinite dilution; this can be explained by the fact that most of experimental data are performed in the dilute range. However some industrial processes, such as supercritical fluid separation, operate at finite concentration for complex mixtures. In this case, the concentration dependence of diffusion coefficients must be considered, especially near the upper critical endpoint (UCEP) where a strong decrease of diffusion coefficients was experimentally observed. In order to represent this slowing down, a modified version of the Darken equation was proposed in literature for naphthalene in supercritical carbon dioxide. In this paper, the conditions of application of such a modelling are investigated. In particular, we focus on the order of magnitude of the solubility of the solid and on the vicinity of the critical endpoint. Various equations proposed in literature for the modelling of the infinite dilution diffusion coefficients of the solutes are also compared. Ten binary mixtures of solids with supercritical carbon dioxide were considered for this purpose.

Isabelle Raspo, Christophe Nicolas, Evelyne Neau, Sofiane Meradji. Diffusion coefficients of solids in supercritical carbon dioxide: Modelling of near critical behaviour. Fluid Phase Equilibria, Elsevier, 2008, 263 (2), pp.214-222. ⟨10.1016/j.fluid.2007.09.025⟩. ⟨hal-01139192⟩

Journal: Fluid Phase Equilibria

Date de publication: 01-01-2008

Auteurs:
  • Isabelle Raspo
  • Christophe Nicolas
  • Evelyne Neau
  • Sofiane Meradji

Digital object identifier (doi): http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fluid.2007.09.025


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