Premixed flame dynamics in presence of mist

The injection of a water spray within an enclosure prone to explo- sion is reputed to reduce the risk. This strategy for safety improvement is at the root of numerous experiments that have concluded that pre- mixed flame can be extinguished by a sufficient amount of a water aerosol characterized by suitable droplet sizes. On the other hand, certain experiments seemingly indicate that flame speed promotion can be observed when particular water mists are injected within the premixture. To contribute to shed light upon these less than intuitive observa- tions, we propose to study the propagation of a nearly stoichiometric premixed flame within a 2D-lattice of water droplets. Main parameters of investigation are droplet size and droplet inter-distance (or equiva- lently, lattice spacing). When the droplet inter-distance is small, the results confirm that a sufficient amount of water quenches combustion. For larger droplet inter-distance, we observe a flame speed enhance- ment for suitable droplet size. Concomitantly, the flame front folds subjected to Darrieus-Landau instability. The final discussion, which invokes a Sivashinsky-type model equation for DL instability, interprets such a speed promotion in presence of mist as a secondary non-linear enhancement of the flame surface.

Colette Nicoli, Pierre Haldenwang, Bruno Denet. Premixed flame dynamics in presence of mist. Combustion Science and Technology, Taylor & Francis, 2019, 191 (2), pp.197-207. ⟨10.1080/00102202.2018.1453728⟩. ⟨hal-01820207⟩

Journal: Combustion Science and Technology

Date de publication: 01-01-2019

  • Colette Nicoli
  • Pierre Haldenwang
  • Bruno Denet

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