Modeling droplet phase change in the presence of a multi-component gas mixture
Dispersed liquid droplet flows with evaporation and condensation in multi-component gas mixture made of vapor and other gas phase chemical species such as air occur in many engineering applications dealing with two-phase flows. However, existing models are essentially derived for vaporization occurring in sprays combustion. It means that the energy is transferred from a hot gas to the liquid to produce its phase change. This is thus a non-symmetric approach as in some situations the energy is already stored in the liquid phase and flashing occurs as a consequence of pressure drop. In the present paper a droplet mass transfer model is derived and is valid in any situation: evaporation, flashing and condensation. It accounts for: - coupled heat and mass diffusion in the gas phase, - thermodynamics of the multi-component gas mixture, - heat diffusion inside the liquid droplet, enabling consideration of both droplet heating and cooling. These effects are important in evaporating and flashing situations respectively. The resulting model consists in an algebraic non-linear system of three equations giving the interface temperature, the mass flow rate and vapor species concentration at the interface. These interfacial variables enable computation of the mass species, momentum and energy transfer rates appearing in volume averaged two-phase flow models. Computational examples are shown with this mass transfer model embedded in a compressible two-phase flow model of Baer and Nunziato (1986) type.
Damien Furfaro, Richard Saurel. Modeling droplet phase change in the presence of a multi-component gas mixture. Computational and Applied Mathematics, Springer Verlag, 2016, 272 (part.2), pp.518-541. ⟨10.1016/j.amc.2015.02.083⟩. ⟨hal-01278890⟩
Journal: Computational and Applied Mathematics
Date de publication: 01-01-2016