Determination of kinetics and heat of hydrolysis for non homogenous substrate by isothermal calorimetry

The competitiveness of the second-generation bioethanol by biotechnological process requires an effective and quantitative control of biochemical reactions. In this study, the potential of isothermal calorimetry technique to measure heat and kinetics of a non-homogeneous substrate enzymatic hydrolysis is intended. Using this technique, optimum temperature of the enzymes used for lignocellulosic molecules hydrolysis was determined. Thus, the amount of substrate-to-enzyme ratio was highlighted as an important parameter of the hydrolysis yield. Furthermore, a new enzymes' cocktail efficiency consisting of a mix of cellulases and cellobiose dehydrogenase (CDH) was qualified by this technique. The results showed that this cocktail allowed the production of a high amount of gluconic acid that could improve the attractiveness of these second-generation biofuels. From the set of experiments, the hydrolysis heat of wheat straw was derived and a meaningful value of -32.2 +/- 3.2 J g(-1) (gram reducing sugars product) is calculated. Then, isothermal measurements were used to determine kinetic constants of the cellulases and CDH mix on wheat straw. Results showed that this enzyme cocktail has an optimal rate at 45 A degrees C in the range of temperatures tested (40-55 A degrees C).

Djida Tafoukt, Audrey Soric, Jean-Claude Sigoillot, Jean-Henry Ferrasse. Determination of kinetics and heat of hydrolysis for non homogenous substrate by isothermal calorimetry. Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering, Springer Verlag, 2017, 40 (4), pp.1-8. ⟨10.1007/s00449-016-1728-0⟩. ⟨hal-01468071⟩

Journal: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering

Date de publication: 09-01-2017

Auteurs:
  • Djida Tafoukt
  • Audrey Soric
  • Jean-Claude Sigoillot
  • Jean-Henry Ferrasse

Digital object identifier (doi): http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00449-016-1728-0

x >